A coaching framework for building collaboration

A framework for coaching teaching teams, focused on fostering collective efficacy.

A variety of coaching roles can strengthen teams. The framework presented in this article is designed to help coaches working with teams of teachers to choose professional learning approaches that are appropriate at a particular time with a particular team.

Read the article (PDF) – Learning Forward

Collective efficacy

The writers use the five conditions that foster collective efficacy identified by Michael Fullan, and three roles of a coach based on the work of Lipton and Wellman, to structure the framework.

The five conditions that foster collective efficacy are:

  • the team must create a culture based on trust
  • the team must commit to transparency in practice and results
  • the team must create a climate of non-judgmentalism
  • the team must be specific about the practices it will employ and actually employ them
  • the team must be clear about the specific evidence it will collect to document growth, and it must collect and use the evidence to improve professional practices.

The three roles of a coach in the framework are:

  • consultant
  • collaborator
  • coach of reflective thinking.

Further reading

Michael Fullan affirms the power of collective efficacy – Edweek blog


Bryan, C. Kaylor, B. (2018). Building blocks of collaboration. Learning Professional, Vol. 39 No. 6 (54-60). www.learningforward.org  

Tags: Coaching and mentoring

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