Guiding principles for learning in the twenty-first century

by Conrad Hughes and Clementina Acedo

This guide from the International Academy of Education outlines a holistic approach for learning in the twenty-first century. 

The guide provides a useful big picture way to think about how you are designing learning in your school.

The authors outline 10 key areas for learning that combine knowledge, competences, values and attitudes. 

The 10 areas are:

  • Academic honesty
  • Information literacy
  • Critical thinking
  • Creativity
  • STEM learning
  • Concept-focused learning
  • Health and mindfulness
  • Service learning
  • Learning support
  • Assessment

The guide summarises the research in each of these areas and draws out the implications for educators.


Hughes, C & Acedo, C. (2015) Guiding principles for learning in the twenty-first century. Educational Practices Series, 28. International Academy of Education

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